A few days after resigning from the Metro Manila Film Festival Executive Committee, film critic Rolando Tolentino tweeted, “Ang pelikula di naalaala dahil sa kita nito kundi sa kontribusyon sa kaluluwa ng bayan.” Pinoy Rebyu’s goal in coming up with best-of lists since 2010 has always been to make casual moviegoers gradually discover gems in Philippine cinema, gems that indeed contribute to the collective soul not because they added millions to capitalists’ bank accounts but because of their quality.
The 21st century has seen an exceptional resurgence of Philippine cinema: the lean output in the early 2000s that nevertheless still produced a handful of highly accomplished films gave way to a boom of independent digital cinema in the mid-2000s, facilitated by the Cinemalaya and Cinema One Originals grants which, coupled by the affordability of digital technology, allowed many more artists and storytellers, first from Manila and eventually the regions, to share their voices and visions. Today, close to ten national film festivals showcase feature-length and short films every year, and around fifty festivals, not to mention the increasing number of filmmaking workshops, exclusively show short films in many campuses, local cinemas, and alternative venues around the country.
While local film enthusiasts are being spoiled by the availability of choices offered by the increasing number of filmfests, distribution of independent films is still a nightmare. Unlike mainstream pictures that can be readily accessed as DVDs or pay-per-view content even many years after their dates of release, audiences wanting to catch indie films need to watch them during their release in select venues (which are mostly located in Metro Manila), otherwise, chances of seeing them being viewed again are not very high, especially if their themes are not geared for mainstream consumption. It’s a good thing that efforts are being made both by government and the private sector (FDCP’s regional cinematheques and its partnership with SM for CineLokal, the UP Film Institute, TBA’s Cinema ’76, Cinema One channel) to feature indie films released in earlier years at affordable rates.
The various filmfests have different arrangements with filmmakers regarding ownership and distribution rights, and some are more proactive in marketing their entries than others. A few filmmakers (like Lav Diaz, Khavn dela Cruz, and other younger indie filmmakers producing their own films) directly make their films available for a modest fee to interested viewers. Also, online streaming platforms such Culture Unplugged, iflix, iTunes, Netflix, Vimeo, Hooq, and Viddsee (for short films) will surely play a bigger role in the near future. At present, only 11 of the top 50 films below can be viewed in iflix.
Forming a canon of modern classics is an obviously herculean task, so we’ve invited 33 critics, academics, archivists, and reviewers who have closely followed Philippine cinema’s output since the turn of the century to name their 10 favorite local films since 2001 (technically the first year of the 21st century). The voters relayed to us that it was a very challenging but fun undertaking. A total of 159 films received votes: of the top 50, 3 are documentaries, 14 are made by filmmakers who are based or primarily working outside Metro Manila (proof that regional cinema has made a lasting impact on the modern national cinematic landscape), and a whopping 46 are produced independently.
Here are the top 50 films of the 21st century so far.
50 (tie). Himpapawid
Raymond Red, 2009
“Alinsunod sa paradigma ng teorya ng kakayahan, naghain ng kataliwas na pamantayan ang karanasan ng tauhang si Raul (Raul Arellano). Nilumpo siya ng sunud-sunod na mga limitado, o higit, kawalan ng opsiyon at kalayaang kumilos at mapakinggan—mula sa mga balikong karanasan sa pagpapakopya ng dokumento, pagkaunsyami ng pagsumite sa aplikasyon, kapalpakan bilang tagabantay dapat sa ilegal na operasyon kasama ang mga kaibigan, at sa kalahatan, pangingibabaw ng mga bigong taktika. Ang linsad na kapalaran ni Raul ay pinatingkad pa ng indibidwal na naratibo ng mga kasamang tauhan sa pelikula. Ang malinis na editing ang nagsilbing aparato para sa pagtalakay ng baliktanaw ng mga dehadong nagsasalaysay (Soliman Cruz at John Arcilla) habang kinukumbinsi nila na walang tatamasahing anumang pag-asa si Raul sa kaniyang mga tangkang pagsisikap. Sa mga tauhang ito rin umangkas ang pesimistikong panukalang nagdiin hinggil sa direksyong pupuntahan ng kuwento ni Raul, at ng kuwento nilang lahat.” – Jema Pamintuan, Young Critics Circle
How to watch: Email firstname.lastname@example.org to purchase a copy
50 (tie). Minsan May Isang Puso
Jose Javier Reyes, 2001
“The movie focuses mainly on the relationship between the characters of Carlo Aquino (a teenage boy whose family used to be middle class) and Ricky Davao (his employer who happens to be a foul-mouthed grouch and who seems to be carrying the load of the world on his shoulders) and how they eventually help each other get on with life. Minsan May Isang Puso is in my list of the best films of 2001 for a lot of reasons. One is the super performance of all the stars in the movie particularly Ricky Davao, Carlo Aquino and Jaclyn Jose. Even newcomer Dimples Romana does very well in the movie as Carlo Aquino’s sister who cannot stand their miserable condition at home. The film’s chief asset, however, is its screenplay (also by Jose Javier Reyes) which helps make Minsan May Isang Puso a truly outstanding dramatic movie that tugs at the heartstrings.” – Butch Francisco, Manunuri ng Pelikulang Pilipino
How to watch: Contact Regal Films to purchase a copy – email@example.com, (02) 910 0501, Facebok page
Brillante Mendoza, 2009
“Mendoza sensitively captures the almost chaotic rush of the two women to pool some funds together, always unsuccessful…we see them all wet and weary in the middle of the rains and typhoon. We see them as they seek the help of friends, neighbors, politicians in local government and the lending establishments. But we don’t see them helpless and hopeless when they are turned down. We see them just move on to their next step. Here is a film about the system of justice, the criminality and harsh living conditions as part of the environment. It is about a people marked by heartbreaking struggles through time as shown in the wrinkled faces of Lola Sepa and Lola Puring. They are pictured as women who continue on solving their day-to-day problems with ingenuity, perseverance and resilience.” – Grace Javier-Alfonso, Manunuri ng Pelikulang Pilipino
48. Anino sa Likod ng Buwan
Jun Lana, 2015
“Who was it that said all it takes for a piece of theater to happen is to have a space, and allow a person to walk through that space while another person watches? In Anino, Lana places three characters in a small lighted space, with us watching and theater and cinema get engaged. For Anino breaches any concept of what is theatrical and cinematic, and situates in the fusion a story that packs metaphors and metonyms, psychology and politics, with the density and mystery of a confession and a public condemnation. If Anino was a story of a love triangle, the film would plunder our sensibility with its amorality. But the plot of Anino on lust and love hides behind the light and shadow of individuals who do not subject their life to destinies but to the more convoluted system of political expediency set against personal psychology and desires.” – Tito Genova Valiente, Manunuri ng Pelikulang Pilipino
How to watch: Contact The IdeaFirst Company to purchase a copy – firstname.lastname@example.org, Facebook page
47. Now Showing
Raya Martin, 2008
“Now Showing is detailed in the way that it peeks into the private life of its main character. There’s an almost voyeuristic delectation in the way we witness some personal things we tend to declare as mundane. That interest further glows as the melancholy of the character’s private life becomes more apparent. That melancholy is of course tainted by the innocence and joy of childhood and growing up, but the picture swells with that incandescent burden of painful childhood memories, not necessarily traumatic in the way most coming-of-age tales are built upon but still evidently encumbering. Martin has always focused on history (or the lack of it) with his films (but here he) masterfully places his cinematic advocacy to a clearly personal project, and the result is simply magical.” – Oggs Cruz, Rappler
How to watch: Contact director Raya Martin to purchase a copy
Peque Gallaga and Lore Reyes, 2013
“Sonata is rife with the potential for mawkishness of the highest order. That it manages to rise, and, in certain parts, even soar above bathos is tribute to all involved in its making, most notably Cherie Gil, who puts on a bravura performance as Regina, employing a calibrated theatricality as her character moves from despair to delight, from fragility to fortitude. The film does not rest on her shoulders alone, of course: among the ensemble, Chino Jalandoni, who plays Jonjon, is particularly noteworthy for being able to hold his own in his scenes with her—an easy rapport exists between them onscreen and he provides a gentle, refreshing contrast to her intensity.” – Jaime Oscar Salazar, Young Critics Circle
How to watch: Contact Film Development Council of the Philippines to purchase a copy – email@example.com, (02) 256 9908, Facebook page
Benito Bautista, 2012
Harana is as much a paean to original folk music as it is a longing for a more romantic era in Filipino culture. One Filipino-American man’s (classical musician Florante Aguilar) quest to find master haranistas in the hinterlands of Luzon has become his nostalgic quest to trace whatever it is that connects him to his motherland. Old men have always been such fascinating subjects for film: there’s something in them that’s mysteriously inscrutable yet disarmingly matter-of-fact at the same time. Aguilar and director Bautista luck out in finding the three haranistas that they did find: each has his own quirks and charm. Harana will be remembered as an important cultural document as much as it is an immensely pleasurable cinematic experience. – SL
How to watch: Vimeo link
Adolfo Alix, Jr., 2011
“Beyond the absurdity and the tabloid-worthy uniqueness of the story that would most probably be the center of all discussions about the film is a very simple but very earnest portrait of a family. Alix maps the family’s story with astute tenderness, establishing relationships between each member, grounding them with logic and emotions. More importantly, Alix does not place his story within a lifeless vacuum. He concocts a community for the family to exist in and relate to. He has created a world, exaggerated it seems with people living and raising families side by side with garbage, that is ready to admit another glaring anomaly. The truths of Isda, I believe, are as weighty if not weightier than its delicious and deliriously memorable flights of fantasy.” – Oggs Cruz
How to watch: Contact Cinemalaya Foundation to purchase a copy – firstname.lastname@example.org, (02) 832 1125, Facebook page
43. Thy Womb
Brillante Mendoza, 2012
“The wide expanse of the sea and the constant rain, and the vision of Brillante Ma. Mendoza—these are all that is needed for great cinema to be formed. Then there is the presence of Nora Aunor, natural and artifactual, filling the spaces with her silences and silencing the spaces of doubts, pains, understanding and misunderstanding, historical and individual, with a performance that will go down in history as the ultimate in the aesthetics of reality. Or realities. As with any art, portraying the stillness is as difficult as the roar, the former singular because it is the less trodden path. Mendoza’s triumphs in Thy Womb are found in the quiet, the life energies not dramatized but narrated in the majesty of their unremarkableness. The power of the film is in the tremor, barely felt but disturbing: in these geographically isolated islands, a different kind of social rules exist.” – Tito Genova Valiente
42. Florentina Hubaldo, CTE
Lav Diaz, 2012
“Florentina’s (Hazel Orencio, in what may be the role of her life) only respite is through fantasy, through visions of gaudily clothed papier-mâché giants dancing around her—which may be merely another symptom of her brain’s deterioration or her one consistently successful act of imaginative defiance and transcendence. It’s perhaps due to the lurid premise that Diaz’s glancing, painfully attenuated storytelling style feels so energized, the filmmaker having given the film an initial jolt of horror and then left the whole ungainly construct to fall apart and collapse into itself, like a kinetic sculpture working itself out on the big screen. It’s Diaz’s most potent metaphor yet, the Philippines as a continually victimized woman whose injuries are so severe she passes them on to succeeding generations: Diaz struggles to control the metaphor and subsume it into his oblique form of storytelling, and just barely succeeds; the film’s power comes from this struggle.” – Noel Vera, Critic After Dark
How to watch: Email email@example.com to purchase a copy
41. Sana Dati
Jerrold Tarog, 2013
“Mula sa POV ng bride (Lovi Poe na napakagaling dito, pinakamagaling n’ya para sa akin) ang buong kuwento. Pinalawak nito ang agam-agam sa maraming bagay: sa pagkalimot sa true love (Benjamin Alves) na hindi na mababalikan o sadyang fickle-minded lang ang ikakasal dahil nahaharang s’ya sa pressure ng pamilya at mga kaibigan sa naoohang kasalan. Noong una ay inilatag ang premise na dapat ay sigurado ka (ginagamitan ng utak kesa puso) sa pagpapakasal. Isang karakter (Paulo Avelino) ang naging trigger dito upang masubok ang kasiguraduhan. Pero lumang kuwento na ‘yan at alam ito ng tagakuwento. Sa dulo, ibinasura ng storyteller ang argumento at naglatag ng iba pa, na ang puso ay kailanman hindi natatalo ng utak, na ang kasal ay wala lang at kailanman hindi naging starting point o finish line sa formula ng pag-ibig at ang regular heartbeat ay kasing fluid ng buhay.” – Manuel Pangaruy, Tagailog Special Presents
How to watch: Contact Cinemalaya Foundation to purchase a copy – firstname.lastname@example.org, (02) 832 1125, Facebook page